مسئلہ خلافت میں مسلم فرق کے فکری انتشار کے اثرات

Effects and Consequences of the Intellectual Confusion of Muslim Sects in the Issue of Khilafah

  • Zahid Mahmood PhD Scholar, Department of Islamic Theology, Islamia College University, Peshawar
  • Dr Saleem ur Rehman Associate Professor, Department of Islamic Theology, Islamia College University, Peshawar
Keywords: Khilafah, Muslim Sects, Intellectual Confusion, Consequences

Abstract

The meaning of Khilafah is to be a successor. In this universe, the first human being Hazrat Adam (peace be upon him) came as the caliph of Allah Almighty, all the prophets after him came as his vicegerents and caliphs, and finally our Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (peace be upon him).  He came wearing the crown of the end of Prophethood. After his departure from the world, Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq (RA) became his caliph. After him, Hazrat Umar Farooq (RA) and then Hazrat Uthman (RA) during the first six years of his caliphate, peace and prosperity.  , were of Farg al-Bali and the conquests. After that, Abdullah Ibn Saba, the Jew, apparently accepted Islam so that he could infiltrate the Muslims and plot against the Caliphate.  I propagated self-made ideas that Hazrat Ali and the family of the Prophet ﷺ have the right to the caliphate. The three caliphs are in control of the caliphate. However, there is no nepotism, heredity and personalism in Islam. For this purpose, Hazrat Usman defamed the governors and workers and succeeded in raising a group against him. Hazrat Uthman gave a shafi'i answer to every few accusations, but Sabai Fitna continued to speak loudly.  He was brutally martyred. This tragedy shattered the holy institution of Khilafah and the unity of the Ummah.  And with the beginning of seditions in the Ummah, the Nasbi sect was formed in comparison to the Shias, which was the supporter of Amir Muawiya and the opponent of Hazrat Ali, then the sects such as Khawarij, Jabriya, Qadriya and later the Mu'tazilah continued to be formed, their beginning was the conspiracy and martyrdom of Ibn Saba.  It happened to Usman and the victories and achievements of the Muslims were irreparably damaged.

Published
2024-03-01