Justice in Islamic Philosophy and its Implications for Modern Legal Systems

  • Dr Razia Shabana Associate Professor Department Islamic Studies, Bahauddin Zakaria University Multan
  • Dr Saira Taiba Assistant Professor Department. Islamic studies, Bahauddin Zakaria University Multan
Keywords: Islamic Philosophy, Islamic Jurisprudence, Usul al-Fiqh, Legal Norms, Islamic Banking, Human Rights


The influence of Islamic philosophy on society and law is a subject of extensive research and study. Islamic jurisprudence, with its framework of Usul al-Fiqh, plays a pivotal role in shaping legal systems globally, offering insights into the interpretation of legal texts and the pursuit of justice. Enduring principles of justice (Adl) and equity (Ihsan) in Islamic philosophy resonate in contemporary discussions on human rights, social justice, and ethical conduct, transcending cultural and religious boundaries. Islamic legal norms and precedents coexist with or influence secular legal systems, particularly in areas like family law, contracts, and property rights, illustrating the complex interplay between Islamic and modern legal traditions. Islamic finance and banking, rooted in ethical principles, offer sustainable alternatives to conventional financial systems, potentially promoting financial stability and responsible investment. Islamic philosophy contributes to human rights discussions by emphasizing universal values, fostering cross-cultural dialogue, and engaging in international legal frameworks, reflecting its impact on global legal norms. These findings collectively underline the dynamic and multifaceted nature of Islamic philosophy's influence on contemporary society and law. They highlight opportunities for collaboration, dialogue, and mutual understanding across diverse legal and ethical traditions, contributing to a more just and equitable global community.